NECK, SHOULDER, AND LOW BACK PAIN IN ADOLESCENCE, ACTA UNIVERSITATIS OULUENSIS D Medica 1052

The etiology of musculoskeletal disorders remains largely unclear, pain being the predominant\ncomplaint. The prevalence of neck pain (NP), shoulder pain (SP), and low back pain (LBP)\nincreases drastically during adolescence. Potentially modifiable risk factors of NP, SP, and LBP\nshould be identified at that age.\nFirst, this study evaluated the prevalence of NP, SP, LBP and peripheral pains (upper or lower\nextremities) and the prevalence of multiple pains. Second, the study determined the role of a set\nof potentially modifiable risk factors for adolescents’ NP, SP, and LBP (physical activity,\ninactivity, sedentary activities in cross-sectional study design and quantity and quality of sleep in\nfollow-up study design).\nThe study population belongs to the 1986 Northern Finland Birth Cohort (NFBC 1986),\nconsisting of 9,479 children with an expected date of birth between July 1, 1985 and June 30, 1986\nin the two northernmost provinces of Finland, Oulu and Lapland.\nNP, SP, and LBP were common at the ages 16 and 18, while medical consultations for these\npains were less frequent. The prevalence of pain increased with age. Peripheral pains were rare.\nSurprisingly many adolescents reported multiple musculoskeletal pains. Girls were more likely to\nreport pain than boys. Both low and high level of physical activity, some risk sport activities, high\namount of sedentary activities, and insufficient quantity and quality of sleep increased the risk of\nNP, SP, and LBP in adolescence.\nIt may be possible to reduce the occurrence of musculoskeletal pain by having a positive\nimpact on potentially modifiable risk factors, such as physical activity, sedentary activities and\nsleep hygiene. Therefore, intervention studies focusing on these factors are needed in the future.

ISBN-10:
978-951-42-6165-7
Kieli:
eng.
Sivumäärä:
184 s.
Tekijät:
Auvinen Juha
Tuotekoodi 013966
20,00 €