SUOMALAISEN SUSIKONFLIKTIN ANATOMIA, ACTA UNIVERSITATIS OULUENSIS A Sci e n t i a e Rerum Nat u r a l i u m 552

During the past few decades in Finland, the growth of wolf (Canis lupus) and wild forest reindeer\n(Rangifer tarandus fennicus lönnb.) populations has created modern human-wildlife conflicts, of\nwhich the wolf conflict has expanded from a local to the EU level. The conflicts have emerged\nbetween local people and species but also between different stakeholders concerning methods of\nmanagement and especially concerning the role of hunting in wolf management. The aim of this\nthesis is to make such conflicts more transparent and understandable. This thesis also provides\nsuggestions regarding the governance of the conflicts. Wolf conflict data is based on a semistructured\nquestionnaire distributed among interest groups and open hearings among local people\nthroughout Finland during 2004. The data of the wild forest reindeer conflict is based on a\nquestionnaire answered by farmers in the Suomenselkä area. Methodologically, qualitative as well\nas quantitative tools are used. The scientific approach of this thesis is animal geography. The\nconflict in wild forest reindeer management is predicted by biology of species, by damages\noccurring in farming though also social predictors can be found. However, the conflict is solvable\nin nature.\nThe wolf conflict is an example of one of the multifaceted human-wildlife conflicts where\ncomplex socioeconomical challenges are connected to each other at a local level. The specific\nbiological abilities, the negative image of wolves and fear among people are of concern in this\nmatter. In the society the conflict appears mostly trough stakeholders’ contradictory goals.\nHowever, the predictors of conflict between stakeholders became better understood through\nspatial and cultural contexts. Especially hunting developed by local elements and conservation\nhaving a non-local background, have clashed with the wolf being the major bone of contention.\nThe wolf conflict can be defined as insolvable by nature, where the understanding of this is the\nkey of management and mitigation processes. Because no final solution is in sight, despite\nconstant management efforts, adaptive and learning processes are needed.

ISBN-10:
978-951-42-6146-6
Kieli:
eng.
Sivumäärä:
174 s.
Tekijät:
Bisi Jukka
Tuotekoodi 013959
28,00 €