Sulfide-poor platinum-group element deposits. A mineralogical approach with case studies and examples from the literature, Acta Universitatis Ouluensis A Scientiae Rerum Naturalium 516

Sulfide-poor deposits of platinum-group elements (PGE) occur in two main types: silicate-type and oxide-type. In the silicate-type mineralization PGE form discrete platinum-group minerals (PGM) that occur as inclusions in various silicate minerals. In the oxide-type mineralization PGM may have different modes of occurrence. They may be associated with silicates or they may occur as inclusions in chromite, magnetite or ilmenite, for example. In some cases they may even be associated with base metal sulfides.\nThe approach chosen in this work is mainly a mineralogical one. PGM parageneses, their modes of occurrence and associations with other minerals were studied from different deposits. These are then compared to some well-recorded examples of PGE deposits.\nThe case studies presented, the Duluth Complex in Minnesota, U.S.A., the Hanumalapur Complex in Karnataka, India, and the Penikat Layered Intrusion in northern Finland, are examples that illustrate the multitude of possibilities regarding PGE mineralization versus the traditional approach where any significant quantities of PGE are supposed to occur only in association with base metal sulfides.\nAs the traditional orthomagmatic and hydrothermal models cannot explain the genesis of some sulfide-poor PGE occurrences, a new theory of PGE mineralization was developed. This ?redox theory? is an attempt at explaining the association of PGE with various oxide minerals, most importantly chromite.

ISBN-10:
978-951-42-8953-8
Kieli:
ENG
Tekijät:
Kaukonen Risto
Tuotekoodi 013860
11,00 €